Definition: A Gerund is the form of a verb when it acts as a noun; a gerund (often known as an -ing word) is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing.
* Studying is good for you.
Formation: Base Form + ING
Gerunds can act as the subject or object of a main verb.
* Going to parties is fun.
* Hunting elephants is dangerous.
* Flying makes me nervous.
* Here, gerunds are subjects
* I enjoy reading.
* Here, gerund is object
Certain words like adjectives, prepositions, verbs, nouns are followed by an Ing-Form.
Use after certain adjectives
Adjectives (with Prepositions) followed by the Gerund
angry about / at
* He’s afraid of going by plane.
* I am interested in visiting the museum.
* He is clever at skateboarding.
* The girl is crazy about playing tennis.
* I’m worried about making mistakes.
Use after certain prepositions
Prepositions followed by the Gerund
* Before going to bed he turned off the lights.
* She avoided him by walking on the opposite side of the road.
* We arrived in Madrid after driving all night.
* He told the joke without laughing.
Use after certain verbs
Verbs followed by the Gerund
* I enjoy cooking.
* He admitted having driven too fast.
* Ralph is considering buying a new house.
* I delayed telling Max the news.
* They miss playing with their friends.
Use after certain nouns
Nouns with Prepositions followed by the Gerund
waste of money
waste of time
* We had problems finding our way back home.
* There’s no point in waiting any longer.
* What is the advantage of farming over hunting?
* He is in doubt about buying the correct software for his computer system.
* There’s a real reason for winning the contest.
* If a verb ends with -e, it loses the last letter before adding the -ing suffix.